How to use Complete Hydroponics BASE NUTRIENTS

Base nutrients are the foundation of your plant's diet. They provide all the necessary elements for plant growth such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Sulfur, and several other minor elements.

So what do these nutrients do in the plant? Let’s figure this out:

Nitrogen 

This element is vital because it is a major component of chlorophyll, yes! The compound by which plants use sunlight energy to produce sugars from water and carbon dioxide (i.e., photosynthesis); and not just that, Nitrogen is also a major component of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. Without proteins, plants wither and die.

Nitrogen is essential for crops to achieve optimum yields. A critical component of amino acids in protein, it also increases protein content of plants directly.

  • Leaf growth
  • Leaf color
  • Amino acid, proteins, nucleic acid, and chlorophyll synthesis

Phosphorus 

The function of phosphorus in plants is very important. Phosphorus is a vital component of ATP, the "energy unit" of plants. ATP forms during photosynthesis, has phosphorus in its structure, and processes from the beginning of seedling growth through to the formation of grain and maturity.

  • Stems
  • Roots
  • Flowers
  • Seeds

Calcium 

Calcium, along with magnesium and potassium, helps to neutralize organic acids, which form during cell metabolism in plants. Calcium also plays a role in other key plant functions:

  • Improves the absorption of other nutrients by roots
  • Activates a number of plant growth-regulating enzyme systems
  • Helps convert nitrate-nitrogen into forms needed for protein formation
  • Is needed for cell wall formation and normal cell division
  • Improves disease resistance.

Magnesium 

Magnesium is an essential component of the chlorophyll molecule, with each molecule containing 6.7 percent magnesium. Chlorophyll, the green pigment in plants, is the site where photosynthesis occurs. Without chlorophyll, plants could not manufacture food, and life on Earth would cease to exist. Magnesium also acts as a phosphorus carrier in plants. It is necessary for cell division and protein formation.

Catalyzes the growth process and makes oxygen during photosynthesis.

Potassium 

Potassium is essential in nearly all processes needed to sustain plant growth and reproduction. Potassium make plants resistant to drought, excess water, and high and low temperatures. They are also resistant to pests, diseases and nematode attacks. Because potassium improves the overall health of growing plants and helps them fight against disease, it is known as the "quality" nutrient. Potassium affects quality factors such as size, shape, color and vigor of the seed or grain, and improves the fiber quality of cotton.

Essential in the development of flowers, roots, and stems to a smaller degree.

Manganese 

Manganese (Mn) functions primarily as part of enzyme systems in plants. It activates several important metabolic reactions and plays a direct role in photosynthesis. Manganese accelerates germination and maturity while increasing the availability of phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca).

Zinc 

It was one of the first micronutrients recognized as essential for plants and the one most commonly limiting yields. Although Zn is required in small amounts, high yields are impossible without it.

Helps to form chlorophyll, along with assisting respiration and nitrogen metabolism.

Sulfur 

Plants use sulfate almost exclusively as their primary source of nutrition, which they convert to many essential constituents, such as proteins and enzymes.

 

  How to use Complete Hydroponics Base Nutrients without burning your plants?


Sometimes, inexperienced growers complain about the efficiency of nutrients they have been using on their crops. It doesn’t matter what nutrient they are applying, burning plants is the most popular reason why everyone quits using them.

I will let you know how to use base nutrients so you don’t have the need to send anyone to hell if something like this happens to you.

Here we go:

First of all, Nutrients are always come in pairs such as, A and B and the reason is because if they are mixed in high concentrations, the solution will create big chunks of solids (precipitate) and it would be impossible to use them in your water solution.

For example: It is easy to dissolve one teaspoon of sugar in a cup of coffee. However, it is impossible to dissolve 100 teaspoons of sugar in the same cup and most remains in the undissolved solid form.

Therefore, to avoid precipitation, two concentrates are needed, commonly called Part A and Part B. Part A consists of the calcium nitrate and usually the iron chelate. Part B consists of all the other fertilisers. By this means, the calcium ions are kept separated from the sulphate and phosphate ions.

Cool right??

Coco A&B, Tierra A&B, and Agua A&B, are formulations that provide a full spectrum of high-quality micro and macro nutrients to ensure that plants can achieve explosive vegetative stages and exuberant flowers.

In order to get great results please follow these instructions:

                       

As you can see, the vegetative stages and the flowering stages have different variations in how much of nutrients you SHOULD APPLY in your solution.

How to Use them:

Coco A&B:

1) In the pre-vegetative state (seedlings and clones) use 2ml (3ml if you are germinating in coco coir) of both Coco A and Coco B per Gallon of water.

2) In the vegetative state you want to use 8 to 10ml of both Coco A and Coco B per Gallon of water; depending on the size, vigor, and overall health of the pant. NEVER EXCEED 12ML PER GALLON without an EC or PPM read of your nutritive solution.

3) For highest nutritional delivery adjust your pH to 6.0 to 6.2. This is the absolute best range of pH to run our Coco A&B.

4) You should water your coco coir potted plants once every other day. Coco substrates have high oxygenation and retain moisture only for a few days, so, watering is very important.

5) Feed your plants with every watering and make sure to have some run-off. The recommended amount of run-off is 10% to 15%.

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6) Feed-charts for Coco A&B, along with all other additives in the Complete Hydroponics line-up, follow below. Please use these feed-charts for reference only and as general guidelines. You should always be paying attention to your plants!

Tierra A&B

1) In the pre-vegetative state (seedlings and clones) use 2ml of both Tierra A and Tierra B per Gallon of water.

2) In the vegetative state you want to use 8 to 10ml of both Tierra A and Tierra B per Gallon of water; Never exceed 12ml per Gallon without an EC or PPM read of your nutritive solution.

3) For highest nutritional delivery adjust your pH to 6.5 to 7.0 -. This is the absolute best range of pH to run our Tierra A&B at.

4) You should water your soil/soilless potted plants once every 2 or 3 days. Or with higher frequency if your mix contains sand or coco coir. Soil and soilless substrates have high moisture retention but the lowest airiation of all mediums.

5) Feed your plants with every third watering.


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6) Feedcharts for Tierra A&B, along with all other additives in the Complete Hydroponics line-up, follow below. Please use these feedcharts for reference only and as general guidelines. You should always be paying attention to your plants!

Agua A&B

1) In the pre-vegetative state (seedlings and clones) use 1 to 2ml of both Agua A and Agua B per Gallon of water.

2) In the vegetative state you want to use 5 to 8ml of both Agua A and Agua B per Gallon of water; depending on the size, vigor, and overall health of the pant. Never exceed 8ml per Gallon without an EC or PPM read of your nutritive solution.

3) For highest nutritional delivery adjust your pH to 6.2 to 6.5 - This is the absolute best range of pH to run our Agua A&B at.

4) Reservoirs should be changed every 7-10 days for highest nutrient balance and control. You may add pH'ed water every 3 to 4 days (in between changes) to keep EC and PPMs in check.

5) Feedcharts for Agua A&B, along with all other additives in the Complete Hydroponics line-up, follow below. Please use these feedcharts for reference only and as general guidelines. You should always be paying attention to your plants!

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If you have more questions about these bases, please give us a call, send us your questions, or contact Complete Hydroponics through our social platforms.