Plants synthesize a wide range of hormones that regulate growth, development, and responses to environmental stresses. The major classes of plant hormones are specialized metabolites with exquisitely tailored perception and signaling systems, but equally important are the enzymes that control the dose and exposure to the bio-active forms of these molecules. What?
Ok, in simple words, plants produce an array of signaling molecules; imagine these molecules as a set of antennas, and every one of them has a specific function and behavior. It is crazy to think that these little molecules “KNOW WHAT TO DO” and how to play essential roles in plant growth, development, and control responses to environmental stresses, such as drought, herbivory, and pathogen attack. It is a clear manifestation of a very complex conscious organism.
The important of Hormones and Enzymes
For many years, Complete Hydroponics has been in the search of specific enzymes that can produce a significant impact in plants’ improvement. We know as well as our competitors that a diverse combination of enzymes can enhance plants without problem, but what is the best combination?
To solve this problem, we have to acknowledge that hormones and enzymes serve as control chemicals in multicellular organisms and they are produced either by plants or animals. Based on this, we have chosen materials that are incredibly strong and rich in Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Abscisic acid, Ethylene, and some others.
Marine algae such as Kelp and Ascophyllum nodosum are considered scientists as one of the most powerful sources of nutrient for both plants and animals.. These two organisms posse a great number of these hormones and many other elements necessary to provide your plants with a better and healthier development.
Nutrients rich in Enzymes and Hormones:
In order to understand why it’s necessary the use of enzymes in your plants, we have to know what the function of these enzymes, are and the role they play in your plants’ good development.
Auxins Promote stem elongation, inhibit growth of lateral buds. They are produced in the stem, buds, and root tips. Auxin moves to the darker side of the plant, causing the cells there to grow larger than corresponding cells on the lighter side of the plant. This produces a curving of the plant stem tip toward the light, a plant movement known as phototropism.
Gibberellins play an important role in several developmental stages in plants, but their claim to fame is making stems longer. Gibberellins promote stem elongation between nodes on the stem. Gibberellins were discovered originally in Japan. A fungus called Gibberella fujikuroi infected rice plants and caused them to grow too tall and fall over.
Promote cell division. Cytokinins are like the fountain of youth in plants. They delay senescence or the natural aging process that leads to death in plants. In the cell cycle, cytokinins promote the movement from the G2 phase to the M phase. In other words, they encourage cells to divide!
Cytokinins are also responsible for plant self-repair. If a plant becomes wounded, it can fix itself with the help of cytokinins and auxin. Hormones work together , so If the concentration of auxin and cytokinin are equal, then normal cell division will take place. If the concentration of auxin is greater than cytokinin then roots will form. If the concentration of auxin is less than cytokinin then shoots will form.
Regulate your plant’s hydration process. Abscisic Acid is activated when plants are exposed to extreme temperature and harsh conditions sending signals to every cell to act accordingly. For example: Imagine that your plants have more than 3 days outdoors without water, one of the first reaction is to avoid losing water, to make this possible, your plant uses the Abscisic acid to trigger the stomatas and forcing them to close.
Ethylene is a plant hormone that affects ripening and rotting in plants. It is a particularly interesting plant hormone because it exists as a gas. No other plant hormone is gaseous! Ethylene can be produced in almost any part of a plant, and can diffuse through the plant’s tissue, outside the plant, and travel through the air to affect a totally different plant. How cool is that!
Florigen is the molecule responsible for controlling and/or triggering flowering in plants. This hormone is produced in the leaves, and acts in the shoot apical meristem of buds and growing tips. It is known to be graft-transmissible, and even functions between species.
This is a brief on the five major types of plant hormones contained in our products: auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, and abscisic acid. Remember that hormones are potent little chemical messengers, but they would lose their effectiveness if they hung around and built up in the tissues of the plant. So keep your plants well fed and healthy with high quality nutrients such as Complete Hydroponics and Complete Gardening.