Hydroponic nutrients include all the substances needed by your plants to grow healthy. These substances include primary nutrients, secondary nutrients, trace nutrients (also known as micro-nutrients), hormones, and vitamins. Additional substances called additives help to maximize the uptake and effect of these nutrients on your plants. When hydroponic gardening, all of these substances need to be considered and provided to your plants in some way.
- The nutritional requirements of your plants will increase and change as they grow
- It is important to know the specific nutritional requirements of the plants you are growing
- The strength of the hydroponic nutrient solution should increase week by week as your plants grow
- Testing the strength of your nutrient solution will require an EC (electrical conductivity) meter.
- Your nutrient solution should be high in Nitrogen until the point where you force flowering
- When flowering, your nutrient solution should be high in Phosphorus.
- This change in nutrition is one reason hydroponic nutrients are made into two parts (grow and bloom). At first (in the vegetative stage) grow is used to produce leaves and stems. Later (in the flowering stage) bloom and additives are used to produce vegetables and flowers on those stems.
- A pH indicator drop kit is the most affordable way to test the pH of your hydroponic nutrient solution daily
- Finally, the maximum number of nutrients is available to your plants only within a small pH range. Your nutrient solution must be kept between 5.8 and 6.8 pH, with the ideal range being 6.0 to 6.2 pH. In order to test your nutrient solution you will need a pH test kit or a pH meter.
Plants eat sunlight, converting the solar energy to chemical through the process of photosynthesis. And plants, just like us, are what they eat. The spectrum type, length, and intensity all play key roles in vegetative cultivation and overall plant health.
In order to achieve maximum results, we recommend the use of two different kinds of lights; One for Growth (MH) and the other for Flowering (HPS).
Super Grow Lights (MH)
Metal halide (MH) produces cool light in the range of 2700 to 5500 Kelvin and very closely mimics natural light.
These lights are:
- Very close to the spectrum of natural sunlight (6000K)
- Effective for promoting vegetative growth
- Long life span—lasting five times longer than incandescent (24,000 hours)
Ultra Bloom Lights (HPS)
If you want something to Increase the power of flowers or bear amazing fruits, stick it under a High Pressure Sodium lamp. HPS rigs produce light in the warm- red end of the spectrum which is a nearly universal reproductive trigger in the plant world.
- Superior flower production compared to MH or Florescent
- High energy efficiency - six times more light per watt output than an incandescent.
When you combine high quality nutrition and a powerful & effective light source and equipment, the results are beyond supreme and the excellency of your harvest becomes evident.