In this section, we are going to concentrate our focus in the basic understanding of light, its spectrum, and how plants use specific wavelengths to start producing spectacular flowers.
Light is a form of energy that vibrates at a certain frequency and has the property to affect everything that comes to its way; in other words, an electromagnetic radiation emitted by highly energetic bodies that are capable of transform everything that interacts with it.
Our first and most popular source of light is the Sun. The Sun is the main reason why things are alive and in motion in this planet, even in places when we believe there is no light at all, the sun always has a way to reach them.
The Sun is the most powerful force in our system and is the living proof that light, as we know it, can be seen and felt in many forms. The Sun is the only reason why you at this moment are reading this post. Remember that!
The light Spectrum:
Light is a pure form of energy, but visible light is a very different story. Visible light is a portion of that energy and it is limited by frequencies that go from 400nm which is the visible Blue / Violet spectrum to 700nm or Red Spectrum. You must know that the shorter the wavelength, the higher the energy it transfers, and this is the reason why blue light has more energy that red light. Keep this in mind as we go further.
When light hits the surface, or any surface, this is absorbed and reflected back in different kind of colors (spectra), and of course, the color will depend of the composition of that surface.
This is why your plants are green, yellow, red or whatever color their cellular structure is made of. Most plants appear green as the chlorophyll in their cells reflects green light while absorbing the rest for survival. The same applies for Water; oceans and lakes often appear blue as this is the color that a travel deeper before is being absorbed.
Take a look inside the leaf of a plant:
The connection between the Sun and Plants is so powerful that while on land, plants use nearly all of the visible range for photosynthesis, but when they are underwater, only blue light is available and still photosynthesis occur.
If you want to harvest the power of the Sun, Think like a plant.
light and plants
We know that light has many properties, it behaves like a wave and a particle, it is has different kind of frequencies; some of them we can see, and some others we just can’t; it brings with it things like heat, radiation, and many other forms of energy that we are still trying to deeply understand.
Plants know light better than us; they live with it and they die without it. It is the fundamental source of life that helps them to thrive. They convert light into nutritious food so we, as living beings, can help them to continue their life cycles.
Plants use the immense power of the sun to give us the most valuable treasure a plant can give in exchange for life; their fruits and seeds. Plants are the noblest beings we can encounter in nature.
So, whenever you try to grow, never forget what a plant can do for you. This is why we do what we do; we dedicate time, effort, and resources to help people grow plants with finest products you can find to support your garden with absolute care and love.
These are a powerful set of flower enhancers; they will help your plants to achieve incredible results, and you will be able to see it for yourself:
Photosynthesis (If you are still with us, you’ll learn a lot)
Photosynthesis is a series of chemical reactions that occur with the help of enzymes. Enzymes are catalysts in biological processes and help speed up chemical reactions. Photosynthesis also requires heat to activate the process; higher temperatures can speed up chemical reactions in addition to initiating the process.
Take a close look into your plan's single Chloroplast and try to understand how powerful this is:
You must know that LIGHT, HEAT, and ENZYMES boost plants metabolism. Keep in mind that if we expose plants to intensive heat, the results will be catastrophic for both plants and enzymes. Too much heat will slow down photosynthesis.
This Enzymes were formulated to resist extreme temperatures while giving your plants all the support it needs:
Uv and infrared light in photosynthesis:
Visible light is the only band of light on the spectrum to be considered photosynthetically active. It has the perfect amount of energy to excite the electrons needed to start photosynthesis and not damage DNA or break bonds.
Ultraviolet cannot be used for photosynthesis because it has too much energy. This energy breaks the bonds in molecules and can destroy DNA and other important structures in organisms.
Solar Solar radiation levels are dependent on the time of day and on the sun’s angle toward Earth or viceversa. This angle will vary by latitude and season.
Solar radiation levels depend on proximity to the sun and the sun’s angle. Thus different areas of the globe have different typical radiation levels in each season.
Now, guess what is the ideal season for flowering? Well that will depend on your plants, but for those who grow Tomatoes and “Souers,” the best time of the year is when long period of darkness and day light are almost even. This is basically a rule and these plants know it very well.
From all light (energy) that we received from the Sun, only 56% reaches the earth and 48% is absorbed by land or water. From all radiation that gets through the earth 50% is visible light and the other 50% in infrared light (heat).
Plants will grow no matter the conditions if they can adapt, but for the purpose of growing Tomatoes and “Souers,” plants will grow to its maximum capacity when these conditions are met:
For Veg – Longer days 18hrs of light by 6 hours of darkness
For Flowering – Even periods of light 12hrs by 12hrs of darkness
The conditions will vary depending on the geographical position, for example: If you are in the Northern Hemisphere, longer days and shorter nights are common on the June Solstice while in the Southern Hemisphere, days are shorter and nights are longer.
What else happens during these periods? During these periods, earth is inclined towards the sun in a way that only specific spectrum are absorbed in mayor proportions than others. For example: Red light and far red lights are in a peak during the morning, blue light is at his best during the evening.
Now, Did you know that the LIGHT RECEPTORS these plants such as tomatoes and “Souers” possess are actually Phytochrome Red and Phytochrome Far Red?
Yes! Phytochrome red (PR) promotes flowering and Phytochrome Far Red (PFR) do the contrary. These receptors are very sensitive to the red light spectrum, for example: during the day the PRs are activated receiving as much energy as possible to promote flower formation. However, during the night PR and PFR work simultaneously to promote flowering, but if a single ray of light is captured by the PFRs during the night, the plant will slow the production of buds. This is one of the reasons why it is very important for your plants to have 12 Hrs of absolute darkness during flowering stage.
These are some of the basics that Complete Hydroponics takes into consideration when is about to create a product, and for the purpose of light, we have designed lamps than can be able to mimic the Sun-Erath interaction during Veg and Flowering stages. The answer to this is called Green Gear: